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Percent of Disabled Students

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Students with disabilities include children identified as having learning disabilities, mental retardation, physical limitations, and emotional disorders. The educational rights of these students are protected by the national Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). In 2004, IDEA was reauthorized and it included new provisions to reduce the number of minorities who are disproportionately identified as having disabilities and mainstream more special needs children into regular classroom settings. Integration of these students is critical to their long-term academic and social success as it often keeps them in school and helps prevent the negative social consequences associated with dropping out, includingunemployment and becoming involved in criminal activity.

Percent of Disabled Students

The Top 10 results for 2012 (ranked by % Disabled)

County% DisabledDisabled StudentsSchool District PopulationYearSchool District
St. Louis County56.52012St. Louis County Special SD
Madison County25.02012Venice
St. Clair County23.02012Lebanon
Madison County22.02012Alton
St. Clair County21.22012Marissa
St. Clair County20.32012Cahokia
Madison County20.12012East Alton Area
St. Clair County19.32012Belleville Area
Madison County19.02012Collinsville
Madison County18.42012Granite City

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Both Missouri and Illinois define the following as a disability: mental retardation, orthopedic impairment, specific learning disability, visual impairment, hearing impairment, deaf-blindness, speech or language impairment, emotional disturbance, other health impairment, multiple disabilities, developmental delay, autism, and traumatic brain injury.
*St. Louis County has an independent school district serving children with special needs. Districts in St. Louis City, St. Charles County, St. Clair County and Madison County serve special needs children within schools.
** Formerly St. Charles Co. R-V
***Data Not Available
****Belleville, Freeburg, O’Fallon, and East Alton school districts in Illinois are not unit districts. For the purpose of this report, we have combined the elementary, middle, and high school districts.