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Percent of Children Receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

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Overview

Since the inception of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program in 1996, the number of children receiving welfare has dropped by more than half due to stricter work and eligibility requirements. This steady decrease has resulted in a decline from 13 percent of children receiving welfare in 1995 to 5.3 percent in 2004. Among children living in families with incomes below the federal poverty level, 29.8 percent of children were receiving TANF in 2004, compared to 61.5 percent in 1995. According to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means, between 1994 and 2003, benefit amounts have not kept pace with the cost of living, declining by over 18 percent.While the TANF program has been touted as a way out of poverty and into self-sufficiency for low-income families, other supports such as child care subsidies and earned income tax credits need to be enhanced in order for these families to be successful.

Percent of Children Receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

The Top 10 results for 2009 (ranked by % TANF)

Zip Code% TANFNum Receiving TANFPop Under 18Year
6310338.21824762009
6314023.3371592009
6220522.052523852009
6220719.861531082009
6310619.275939592009
6220419.065834712009
6311518.5119664822009
6312018.174141042009
6220118.054430272009
6313317.841623352009

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DATA NOTES
Calculation: (Number of TANF recipients under age 18/Total estimated 2006 population under age 18) x 100.
Calculations made by Vision for Children at Risk.
† Denotes ZIP codes with a child population less than 300.
* Data Not Available.

COMPARATIVE NORM:
U.S.: 5.3%
MO: 6.1%
IL: 2.3%
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
Indicators of Welfare Dependence:
Annual REport to Congress, 2006
(2004)

ZIP codes with a child population of less than 300. Calculations for ZIP codes with low populations are especially subject to an otherwise acceptable margin of error in the population estimate. Please interpret data accordingly and refer to source data and raw data numbers when necessary.